The Islamic republic of Afghanistan is a large and populous country located in the heart of Asia. The country’s location is a prime reason as to why the cultural is very diversified in this country. Even though Afghanistan is known for undergoing several political power struggles during the past 20 years, the country is still viewed as beautiful as it combines beautiful architectural buildings and monuments and its surrounded mountains.
Located in the center of Asia is the multiethnic country known as “The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan”. This is the 40th largest country in the world and is known for its diverse nation. It is no secret that the country of Afghanistan is recognized for its large population, beauty of its surrounding mountains and unfortunate political unrest.
Due to the country’s large international community, Afghanistan is multilingual with over 20 languages being spoken, there are two official languages; Dari and Pashto. Dari is Afghan Persian while Pashto is an Eastern Iranian language and both are written using Arabic letter. Only 6% of the population speak English making it the fourth most used language following Dari, Pashto and Uzbek.
The current currency of Afghanistan is the Afghani (AFN) and is issued by Da Afghanistan Bank, the country’s national bank. The Afghani was materialized in 2002 as part of a reform plan in an attempt to stabilize the country’s faced hyperinflation and in recent years the AFN has been stable while the country’s inflation rates have been contained.
Afghanistan is a large and mountainous country with 4 major rivers. The location of Afghanistan is what has allowed it to become home to a large global community as the country is boarded by six countries; Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. There are currently over 40 million citizens living in Afghanistan, making it the 37th most populated country in the world. The country of Afghanistan is divided into over 60 cities; its capital city Kabul is home to over 1 million residents of different ethnicities.
It is no surprise as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s citizens’ majority are Muslims, approximately 99.7%, with a matter of difference in their practices. The majority of the Muslims in Afghanistan practice Sunni Islam and only around 20% practice Shia Islam. As a statement to their strong belief in the Islamic religion, the country’s current flag features the Islamic testimony.
Afghanistan has been suffering from political power struggles for over 20 years, the country has been affected by NATO rules, and especially the United States, as they attempted to influence Afghanistan into becoming a more stable country. However, this is not the current scenario. Where the Taliban group is the most overpowering political party in Afghanistan right now, the word Taliban means “student” and they were brought to power again recently in 2021 after almost 20 years of rebellion.
The Taliban group currently struggles to provide adequate economic opportunities of growth for the people of Afghanistan but aim to reshape the perception of their group and implement their beliefs in restructuring Afghanistan into an Islamic country with a more diplomatic regimen and providing opportunities for all their citizens.
In light of recent political events which took place in Afghanistan, the tourism sector in Afghanistan is not booming. Countries do not advise their citizens to visit Afghanistan and it is labelled as a high risk country governments of countries advise against visits to Afghanistan. Afghanistan’s infrastructure is underdevelopment making it difficult to commute from one place to the other and requiring more time than required. Additionally, the number of pickpockets in the country make it an unwelcoming place for tourists.
However, there are several attractions for people to enjoy during the more stable periods for Afghanistan, ranging from man-made attractions to historic building and natural sights. The Babur Tomb is one of the most visited touristic attractions in Afghanistan; it combines both beautiful architecture and a natural sight of the mountains surrounding the place. There are also a number of museums and mosques which are common attractions and provide a lot of information about the history of Afghanistan.
The Afghan cuisine is rich in diversity with varied options for international students to enjoy, it is based on cereals and unlike its neighbouring countries the Afghan dishes are not meant to burn your mouth. Afghanistan is known for its delicious fruits; especially grapes, pomegranates and melons.
Their most popular dish is the Kabuli which is a lamb and meat dish, due to the country’s religious beliefs the majority of Afghanistan are omnivorous. This delicious dish is prepared by slow cooking lamb and mutton with meat stock; it does not require a lot of ingredients to prepare and can be found at gatherings, celebrations and for normal meals at homes.
Studying in a developing country such as Afghanistan, is to study at a place where you can make an impact on a country’s future where you can significantly contribute to its economic growth and play a role in helping Afghanistan reach its democratic goals and political stability.
Students with an interest and aspiration to become part of change are the ones who should seek an education in Afghanistan. The quality of education at Afghanistan is constantly improving and currently offering a place for both men and women with a chance to study at universities in Afghanistan.
The country of Afghanistan enjoys a relaxed and beautiful landscape of mountains, they surround the country and are a point of interest for all visitors, in addition to the countries rivers. Despite the country’s history of wars and struggles, the beauty of Afghanistan has remained for all those years. Studying at Afghanistan is a to study at a cultural focused country where diversity is evident around every city in the country.
There are several universities in Afghanistan offering different degrees and options for pursued degrees, one of the advantages of studying at Afghanistan is the relatively low cost where the average annual tuition fees are approximately $1600. Additionally, they award different types of scholarships to international students.
To live in Afghanistan is an experience not many get to live, the cultural and traditions of this country make it different to any other, even though there have been some modifications. During their everyday life, people of Afghanistan are required to abide by the social customs put in place for example, the way you dress must be modest but the women are not obliged to cover their hair and it is a voluntary thing for them to do. People of Afghanistan can now enjoy things they were not allowed to in the past such as photography, watching the television or playing football. Additionally, girls are now admitted to schools again and allowed to graduate from universities and so life is less strict in Afghanistan nowadays and is continuing to improve.
Universities in Afghanistan offer housing options for international students at affordable costs and this is viewed as the safest option and most practical option but another housing as they are a few minutes away from the campus and so going back and forth from campus does not take and the housing such housing options come with additional benefits such as meal options and access to labs. Another accommodation option at Afghanistan is to private rentals but the idea of renting a room at a host family is not common in Afghanistan where families frown upon strangers living under the same roof as themselves and so one must rent the entire apartment. The average cost of renting an apartment in the city centre is around 500 dollars excluding utilities.
Despite Afghanistan’s poor living conditions when compared to other countries, the cost of living there is not as cheap as one might think. For example, utilities per month for one person have an average of $80; including water, gas and electricity. However, public transportation services are not costly, where a single ticket costs less than one dollar and the average person who commuted to and from work daily pays around $50 per month. Moreover, the cost of renting a one-bedroom apartment in the city centre would exceed $500 and would be less when looking for rents in rural parts of the country.
Groceries in Afghanistan are quite expensive in when compared with European countries. For example, the average cost of 12 eggs are $12, one kilogram of apples is priced at $8 and a standard bread load is for $10.
The universities in Afghanistan are known to focus on political science and law programs. There are over 60 universities and the majority are located in the country’s capital city Kabul. They offer undergraduate degrees and post graduate degrees as well, there are also housing options available at these universities and non-academic facilities. The overall cost of studying at Afghanistan is regarded as affordable.
With the large number of universities available at Afghanistan it comes as no surprise that there are a myriad number of degrees available for undergraduate studies as well as graduate studies. There is a total of 437 study programs available in the country but the most popular disciplines in Afghanistan are law, political science, computer science, business and economics.
There are over 60 universities in Afghanistan, the majority are located in the largest city Kabul and the top ranked universities are in Kabul as well. The top five ranked universities in Afghanistan are the following:
The country’s top ranked university is located in the city of Kabul, it was founded in 2006 and has around 2000 students studying there. The university received its first institutional accreditation by the Ministry of Higher Education of Afghanistan back in 2018. The university offers graduate and post-graduate studies, has a high acceptance rate of around 50% and one on campus library. All courses at this university are taught in English making it easy for international students to study there with no language barriers.
The current undergraduate programs are studied over four years and they offer courses for the following schools; business administration, information technology, computer science, political science and public administration. The university also offers several further facilities to its students such as; housing, financial aid and sports programs.
The Kardan University is the first and largest private university in Afghanistan it is also located in Kabul, this university has been established in 2002 and received its accreditation by the Ministry of Higher Education of Afghanistan in 2004 making it the first accredited university in Afghanistan. This institution has an acceptance rate that varies between 60%-70%, the campus has approximately 3,000 students and provides several undergraduate and post graduate degrees. Their current undergraduate bachelor’s degree programs are offered for the following schools; arts and humanities, law, language and culture and engineering.
The university has an available library on campus and the option of financial aid is available and is given to more than 500 currently enrolled students. The university aims to become the lead university, in Afghanistan, and has published articles and journals and has four different journals relating to the different fields of engineering, law, humanities economics and social sciences.
Kabul University was founded in 1932 and is a large public university with over 9,000 enrolled students. Kabul university offers 23 different undergraduate programs, 13 masters programs and two PhD programs. The university is one of the oldest institutions of Afghanistan and aims to expand in the field of scientific researches to reach more sustainable solutions to current world problems. The university’ library serves as the National Library of Afghanistan. International students who wish to study at Kabul university have the option of staying at the university’s available hostel which offers meal services, computer lab and other livelihood services.
The university is a public university established in 2007 and is also found in the capital city of Afghanistan with almost 4,000 attending students. The university of Kateb offers undergraduate studies which fall the five following departments; Economics, computer science, law, politics, medicine and engineering. The fees to attend Kateb university range between $500 to $705, making it a significantly low cost university matched with an acceptance rate of over 50% and housing options attending Kateb university is viewed as quite feasible.
Heart university is the fifth highest ranked university and was founded in 1988, this university is not located in the capital city of Afghanistan but rather in Heart which is 13 hours away from Kabul by car. The university offers studies in over 10 different faculties and has several facilities for its students. The university currently has over 15,000 enrolled students and offers study abroad programs which are not offered frequently at Afghanistan universities.
If you are considering studying at Afghanistan, these are the five top ranked universities but you must also consider the following universities Kabul Polytechnic University, Dunya University of Afghanistan and Salam university. These universities rankings follow these five and would be worth considering.
In order to attend a university at Afghanistan, a student visa is required. The student visa requirements differ based on the country you are coming from but are simple. The main requirement is for students to be intending on studying at a licensed and authorized university and not unauthorized facilities. The following documents are also required:
After preparing the previously mentioned documents, you must pay $108 and present them to embassy of Afghanistan in your country. The visa procedures take approximately 10 days to process, all people who receive the Afghanistan visa, regardless of the visa type, are expected to abide by the country’s laws especially the modest clothing laws.
The most important thing for you to consider when applying to a university in Afghanistan is to ensure that the courses you want to study or the degree is offered in English. After ensuring that the courses are offered in English and that the university is licensed, you must make scan and upload the required documents through the university’s application form. The majority of the universities in Afghanistan do not require English proficiency tests, as they find that high school certificate along is enough.
The student affairs office at universities are required to keep you updated about the status of your online application and to guide you through the process if you are experiencing any issues. The acceptance rate at Afghanistan universities are pretty high and so are the chances of finding a place these universities, no essay is required along with your application form but you must check the website of your desired university to ensure that you upload all the correct documents.
Attending university at Afghanistan is considerably low; however, there is always the option of saving money seeing as universities in Afghanistan offer international students who are coming from developing countries financial aids as a means of support to their tuition fees. Students who present official documents with their family’s means of income, are considered for this type of support and it varies depending on each students’ case and the university which you are hoping to attend. The universities also provide merit scholarships to the students who are have an exceptional academic record, merit scholarships in Afghanistan are awarded for the full time you attend the university.