Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the Europe, in western Peninsula. Its capital city is Sarajevo and the country is known as the “Heart Shaped Land” because of how the country borderlines are formed in a heart shape. The majority of Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous and the only difference between them is a difference in region and not in ethnicities or political powers. The country is known for its diversity and the multiethnic citizens who have lived there in harmony for years, the country is cultural hub.
Given the diversity of its citizens, there are currently three official languages spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. The three languages are extremely similar and co-exist because of the close borders shared by the three countries. Additionally, English is very popular in this country and is the foreign language of its youngsters today.
When at Bosnia and Herzegovina you cannot expect to deal with any currency other than the Marka. Which is the official currency in the country and is not exchanged anywhere else in the world, it can even be very difficult to buy Markas from your country before arriving at Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Marka is also sometimes referred to as a Bosnian Dollar and the exchange rate is from USD to BAM is 1.81.
Bosnia and Herzegovina and between Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia. Resultantly, these countries have had the greatest influence on Bosnia and Herzegovina; Serbia borders the country from the East side, Montenegro borders are from the southeast and Croatia borders are from the north and southwest. The country is known for its beautiful mountains but the name Bosnia is coined from Indo-Europeans meaning water. Seeing as the country is also filled with water bodies; rivers, lakes and waterfalls. The weather in Bosnia is continental climate; meaning that the summers are likely to be very hot while winters are extremely cold with high chances of snowfall.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is known is for its diversity; there is not one official religion in the country but three. Around 50% of the population are Muslims; and 30% are Orthodox Christians while the remaining percentage are Catholics. It is believed that the majority of the Orthodox Christians are from Serbia while the Catholics are from Croatia.
At Bosnia, people of different religions are living together in a diverse and cultural environment, they each embrace their beliefs and when visiting the downtown area at Sarajevo you can see the three houses of worship in the same area; a mosque, Catholic church and an Orthodox church.
Twenty-seven years ago the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina was in a war that lasted for over three years, now the country is living at peace but with a different regime than other countries. The country follows a unique political frame where they are still suffering from governmental imbalances where they have three presidents and they rotate every eight months for a period of 4 years.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is becoming an increasing popular tourist destination, over one million tourists visit annually and as a result the country is the experiencing the third highest tourism growth globally. When visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina there are several attractions to enjoy; the most popular attraction there is the Stari Most in Mostar which is a well-recognized landmark and is a bridge which the Ottoman tribe build back in the 16 century, he bridge was there for 427 years until world war two took place and part of the bridge was destructed. However, it was reconstructed again and opened in 2004. Another attraction in Bosnia is the historic tower which can be found in the city center, Sahat Tower, this clock one of a kind as it keeps track of lunar time. There are several other attractions in Bosnia and all are easy accessed due to the country’s small area and well-developed infrastructure.
The food in Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the main attractions when visiting, whether you enjoy salty foods or satisfying your sweet-tooth craving, you will not be disappointed. Do not let the fact that they use a limited number of ingredients fool you, the food there is simply delicious. There most famous dish is the cevapi. This dish is kebab prepared the Bosnian way of course lying on a bed of rice and covered with bread, it is served with a side of sour cream, raw onions and somun. Another famous dish there is Klepe which is enjoyed by carnivores and vegetarians alike as these are dumplings and can be stuffed beef, cheese or lamb and served with a side of either yogurt or garlic sauce.
When you study at Bosnia and Herzegovina you can expect to be part of a community that is united through its rich culture, diversity and landscape serenity. There are not many public universities in Bosnia but the available degrees vary and specialization options are not limited.
If you are looking for a country which is affected by many cultures, welcomes a diverse population and provides you with a good quality of living then Bosnia is an ideal location. When studying at Bosnia, you are also eligible to work with your student visa which is a golden opportunity for students who need the extra money or are looking for work experience. Additionally, by studying at Bosnia you will be able to explore the rest of the Balkan countries as its prime location will you give the chance to travel to such nearby countries without spending a lot of time or money on the journey.
The academic student year in Bosnia is divided into two semesters each one is around four months long. The average tuition fees for international students range between $5000 – $7500 annually. This is excluding other costs of living, which are not considered expensive in Bosnia but bear in mind that being granted a financial waiver for reasons other than academic excellence in Bosnia is not as easy as other countries.
When comparing living costs in Bosnia with the rest of Europe and the world, the country is ranked as a cheap destination and you can enjoy living there comfortable while budgeting yourself. There are several things to consider when moving to Bosnia, you can expect lower prices but do not expect, cheap transportation tickets, beautiful historic towns and landscapes but high unemployment rates exist in the country and medical services are not as advanced as Western Europe.
When considering Bosnia and Herzegovina as your study destination, you will not struggle with finding housing options. Public universities at Bosnia offer students very adequate accommodation units which are sometimes very close to the campus and other times a bit off campus but still within walking distance.
In Bosnia, there are also several hostels who offer students decent rooms for affordable prices and a lot of amenities. Another option is rent from a trusted website, these websites will allow you to view the most suitable accommodation for you based on your budget, location and whether you require a full apartment or just a room at a host family which is cheaper and allows you the chance to learn more about the country and its history from the host family as well as learning a few phrases in their language. The cost of renting a room and not the full apartment ranges from 100 Bam to 150 BAM. These are all reliable options when looking to go to Bosnia; the cost increases as you rent closer to the center can vary between 250 BAM to 350 BAM. However, as you move further form the center the price starts to decrease.
Living is Bosnia is regarded as cheaper than other European countries, you can expect to pay the following for everyday necessities; $4.13 for a kilogram of apples, $ 4.68 for a kilogram of tomatoes, $5.23 for a loaf of bread and around $50.00 for utilities one person per month. As for transportation, the country is known for having a very convenient transportation system with various transportation means. You can expect to find one of the oldest working trams which has been used and modified since 1885, and expect to pay around 40 BAM for a monthly public transportation ticket.
There is a total of eight public universities in Bosnia and over 90,000 students are enrolled there today and more than 18 private universities. The education system at Bosnia is accredited by several countries including Turkish and European accreditations. More and more international students are choosing Bosnia as their study destination and as a result, there are now several programs taught in English.
There are several degree options for students to choose from; the most attractive program for international students are the undergraduate studies followed by master’s. Several universities also present learners with a chance of earning a dual degree, while accounting for courses which may double count in order to make it easy for students.
The university of Sarveu is a public university located in the capital city and was established in 1949 making it one of the oldest institution in Bosnia in addition to being the largest. Within this large campus you can find that the buildings are divided into a total of 25 faculties and the university has six science councils. The large number of faculties provides students with several options for undergraduate degrees and is why over 30,000 students are currently enrolled at this university. Making it one of the most populated universities in the Balkan region. The average cost of studying at the University of Sarjevu for two semesters is $7,500 for an undergraduate degree. The university offers two programs for international students; study abroad at Sarjevu or become an exchange student; in addition to applying there. There are housing units available for international students, sports program and distance learning courses which you can apply for.
The second ranked university in Bosnia is also a public university which was founded in 1975, the university has around 20,000 enrolled students and offers a variety of study programs. Sixteen programs offered at the univeirsty are accredited by the “Agency for Accreditation of Higher Education Institutions of the Republic of Srpska”. The university has a total of 17 faculties and is also the second largest university in Bosnia, the university has a high acceptance rate and the admission process is simple.
This public university was founded 43 years ago and currently has programs in undergraduate, graduate and post graduate. All the programs offer studies in arts and humanities, business and social sciences, language and culture, medicine and health, engineering and technology. Resultantly, the university is known as the most diverse one in the country and attracts many people to join their different programs. As a result of the many majors and provided degrees, the university has become split over two different campuses where the second campus focuses mostly on providing studies under the two facilities; the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Health Studies.
The university was founded in 2004 and has a careful selection process for applicants. The university has five different facilities and offers studies in 18 specializations for students that fall under arts and sciences, business and administration, engineering and natural sciences, law and education. There is also an English program for students who do not possess an English language certificate. Tuition for international students is around $2,800, and they facilitate their admission process as they have an office to support you with your student via, help you settle in by introducing to international groups and show you around the country and accommodation.
This is a private university which was established in 2008, the university is the least selective as their admission rate sometimes reaches 90%. The university offers bachelor degree programs, master’s programs and PhD. Their tuition fees for international students when applying for an undergraduate degree ranges between 5,000-7,500 US$. They offer twelve different bachelor’s degrees and they offer international students financial aid as well as assistance with their travel procedures.
Examples of other universities
There are other universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina which also offer a variety of degrees and specialization for international students. These other universities are also public universities which provide studies in English and facilitate the process for international admission and travel; such examples are, univerzitet u tuzli, Univerzitet u Istocnom Sarajevu and Univerzitet u Istocnom Sarajevu.
Arrival in Bosnia and Herzegovina for study purposes requires students to apply for a student visa; European and US citizens are allowed to enter for a three-month duration but any duration longer than that, they must apply. Students must prepare the following documents for a student visa:
Before applying for the visa, you must ensure that you have been accepted at a university and paid partial tuition fees in the form of a transfer in order to provide them as proof along with your application. Then you will start your application process where you must attach all of the previously mentioned documents and wait for the response.
There are several tuition awards given to students who are applying to public and private universities, they are awarded by the Ministry of Education and can be granted to international students as well as. The most awarded scholarship in the country is merit-based and it is awarded to incentivize students who are able to achieve high grades during studies but will not be able to pay full tuition. Additionally, students arriving from other Balkan countries, such as Turkey, are more likely to receive scholarships.