Europe, the world’s second-smallest continent that covers around 2 per cent of the Earth’s surface, is perhaps the most popular study destination in the world. It contains both the smallest and biggest countries in the world. The smallest country, Vatican City, is located within the Italian city of Rome, while Russia is the world’s largest country, with a size of 6,602,000 square miles.
Europe is one of the most developed continents on the planet, with almost 746 million people. Europe, wholly in the Northern Hemisphere and primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, is also considered a part of Greater Eurasia.
It shares the continental landmass of both Asia and Africa. It consists of the westernmost peninsulas of Eurasia’s continental landmass. The Arctic Ocean surrounds it from the north, the Atlantic Ocean from the west, and the Mediterranean Sea from the east.
The watershed of the Ural Mountains separate Europe from Asia. Moscow, Istanbul, Paris, London, Madrid, Saint Petersburg, Milan, Barcelona, Berlin, and Rome are among the continent’s largest cities.
In 2018, Europe had 746 million people. Warm Atlantic currents shift Europe’s climate significantly while tempering winters and summers across much of Europe, even at places where the temperature in Asia and North America is harsh. Seasonal changes are more evident from the sea than closer to the coast.
Western civilization has its roots in European culture, which may trace back to ancient Greece and Rome. Europe has dominated world affairs since the Age of Discovery, which began with Portugal and Spain. It’s no surprise that many students turn to study in Europe, as it’s been one of the most dominating cultures since civilisations began!
English, German, Polish, French, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Dutch, Serbo-Croatian, and Turkish are among the languages spoken by Europeans.
There are currently 25 currencies in use in Europe’s 50 countries, all of which are UN members save Vatican City, which is an observer.
The Czech koruna, the Norwegian krone, the Danish krone, the Icelandic króna, and the Swedish krona are all “crown” currencies.
The euro is legal money in 19 of the EU’s 27 member states. Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City, Andorra, and Montenegro are not EU members. Kosovo also uses the euro, but its independence is only partially recognized.
With around 75% of Europeans, Christianity is the most widely practised religion globally. In comparison, 18% do not follow any religion and 6% are Muslims.
Europe is mostly in temperate temperature zones and is affected by westerly winds. The Gulf Stream influences the climate, making it warmer than other locations of similar latitude.
Because it makes Europe’s climate warmer and wetter than otherwise, the Gulf Stream is dubbed “Europe’s central heating.” The Gulf Stream transports warm water to Europe’s coasts. Still, it also helps to warm the prevailing westerly winds that blow across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean.
As a result, Aveiro’s average annual temperature is 16 degrees Celsius. Berlin, Germany; Calgary, Alberta; and Irkutsk, Russia’s far south-easternmost city, are all located on almost the same latitude; January temperatures in Berlin are around eight °C higher than those in Calgary and nearly 22°C higher than those in Irkutsk.
The Mediterranean Sea’s enormous water masses, which help equalize temperatures annually and daily, are also crucial. The Mediterranean Sea’s water stretches from the Sahara desert to the Alpine range at the Adriatic Sea’s northernmost part near Trieste.
In general, Europe is colder in the north than in the south, and it is also more freezing in the west going to the east. The climate is more oceanic in the west, while it is less so in the east. None of them is at a high elevation, and the majority are near the sea.
The most common type of governance in Europe is a parliamentary democracy, which takes the shape of the Republic in most situations. However, in 1815, the most common form of government was still a monarchy. The last eleven kingdoms in Europe are constitutional monarchies. After the end of World War II, the powers sponsoring the Council of Europe sought a process of political, legal, economic, and, in some instances, social and cultural integration of European states. Since its inauguration in 1993, the European Union has been the focal point of economic integration on the continent.
The Eurasian Economic Union, which includes former Soviet states, was formed more recently as a counterweight. The politico-economic European Union, the border-free Schengen Area, and the monetary union Eurozone have 26 members. The Nordic Council, the Benelux, the Baltic Assembly, and the Visegrád Group are smaller European organizations.
Europe is the second-smallest continent, covering around 10.18 million km2 or 2% of the Earth’s area. Europe is separated into 50 sovereign states, the largest and most populous of which is Russia, covering 39% of the continent and accounting for 15% of its people.
Europe is also a popular tourist destination to visit, with the Louvre being the most visited touristic destination in the entire European continent. Despite persistently high infection rates, most European countries have eased travel restrictions. Most countries have lifted their prohibitions because the omicron form primarily causes minor symptoms. The following summarizes the most recent limits for travelling in and around Europe. The EU’s 27 member states and non-EU Schengen countries, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Iceland, can quickly obtain detailed information on quarantine standards, testing requirements, etc.
Top tourist destinations in Europe include The Eiffel Tower, which is one of France’s most famous destinations. Located in the heart of Paris, it was built by engineer Gustave Eiffel who received a lot of criticism for his design, which many people called impossible because of the fact it was 324 metres high. At the time it was built, it was the highest structure of its kind in the world.
The colosseum is yet another popular tourist destination, and one of the most popular symbols of Italy. Also called Rome’s Flavian Amphitheater, it was constructed in AD 70—80 with a combination of limestone and volcanic rock. When it was built, it held up to 80,000 guests, making it the largest amphitheatre of its time.
The Acropolis is an ancient citadel in Greece and one of the most visited places in Europe. The buildings were built in the fifth century BC, supervised by general Pericles. The heart of the Acropolis is the Parthenon, a temple that was constructed as a sign of gratitude to the Gods for their victory over the Persians. It also served as a city treasury for a long while.
Europe has supplied some of the world’s most gratifying comfort cuisine, from pizza to Strukli to paella. Whether it was Apple Strudel in Prague, Fresh Seafood in Lisbon, or perhaps you like Pierogi in Warsaw, Europe has a wide variety of delicacies to offer.
One of the most popular foods in Europe, and the symbol of all things French, are the snails, or escargot. These snails are cooked in garlic and parsley butter before being put back into their shells to be served. This meal is considered a delicacy and is very expensive but locals still love to eat them.
Another popular European meal is fish and chips, courtesy of the United Kingdom. This meal which is made of fried delicious fish and British french fries, known as chips, is a famous meal that you can enjoy on the British beaches. They are usually served with a side of gravy and traditionally British mushy peas.
Yet another popular European dish is the Dutch raw herring. Because the Netherlands is a country that is on the sea, it’s no surprise that this fish meal is popular there. However, many people don’t go for this meal because the fish is only cured, so it is considered raw and many may consider this risky, even though it’s delicious.
From the many different universities to the great quality of education, there are many reasons why international students decide to study in Europe. Read on to learn why you should choose to study in the second smallest continent in the world and how much it could cost you to do so!
Studying in Europe is about getting a taste of world-class higher education and taking advantage of a diverse range of bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degree programs. You’ll have the chance to learn different languages and cultures in a friendly, sociable setting. Don’t let this opportunity to earn foreign experience, skills, and knowledge pass you by.
A major reason to study in Europe is the multitude of world-class institutions offered there. There are a lot of choices for academia for international students to choose. With universities in more than 50 countries with universities that are with high levels of education, students will be spoiled for choice. In a recent study, Germany, UK, Switzerland and Italy were considered the most popular destinations for international students to study at.
The fact that in Europe there is a high quality of education and standard of living is another reason why international students turn to study in Europe. Europe is considered a top study destination because of the top-notch institutions there that take all the top rankings world-wide. It also has a high standard of living and great healthcare and education systems so you know you’ll be in good hands if you choose to study there.
Europe is known for having many different cultures and lifestyles. It has also had a unique and rich history since the beginning of time, with many historical events leaving behind tracks in the European countries. These events affected not only education but also politics, philosophical thinking, economics and more. They also left their mark on architecture with diverse and exciting building styles, which means that every ciyin not just academics, but also fields like politics, economics and philosophical thinking. This also affected cuisines, giving each country its own unique dishes to savour. Architecture was also affected so each country has its own building style, making the experience of learning there a magical and special one for students who choose to study there.
Studying in Europe gives students the opportunity to get a competitive advantage on their CVs which will help them in their careers. Many organisations favour those who have studied abroad or in an international culture, as it means they are more outgoing and more likely to leave their comfort zones and innovate. Students will also be able to take on internships and part-time jobs while studying in most European countries as employers like to support international students and reap their benefits to their organisations.
Another reason to study in Europe is that in most European countries, you can study in English while learning a new language or improving upon the one you have already started learning. Thousands of degree courses in Europe are taught in English so that means it’ll be easy to study in Europe if you are proficient in the English language. You’ll also be able to take on another new language if you are in a country with an official language other than English.
Tuition expenses are waived for local students and, in some instances, even EU students in many European nations. Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Hungary, Sweden, and Poland. There are now choices available for overseas students as well. Tuition-free education is general in nations such as Germany and Norway, even if you are not a citizen of the EU. International students usually are not charged any tuition fees at public universities in both nations. One can apply for fully paid scholarships in countries like the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom, which waives tuition fees and provides additional perks.
In general, tuition fees across European Universities differ greatly based on the kind of university, whether public or private, and also on the country you are studying in. This means it’s worth looking into the university of your choice, or the country you are interested in, if you want to get an estimate about how much you’ll pay.
When it comes to costs of living, Europe isn’t the cheapest place on earth to live but this comes with benefits, such as a high standard of living. Average living costs are about 11,500 euros a year, including accommodation costs and other costs of living like food, utiltiies and transporta
Typically, there are three types of frequent lodging options. Students can choose to stay on campus or in rented apartments just outside of it. As paying guests, students may also stay with families. Staying on campus is usually rather expensive. Staying in rented flats outside the city limits is less costly, and visiting with another family is the cheapest choice. This will help you save money while also giving you the pleasant feeling of having a family in a strange country.
The first and perhaps easiest option for international students is the university dorms, even though it might be a more expensive option than all the others. Rooms in university dorms usually have a bedroom and then share a bathroom, kitchen and common area with other students on the same floor. The cost of these university dorms differs based on the size of the room, the location and the services offered with the room, as well as the European country you are studying in. You can easily find the cost of the dorms of the university of your choice on the website of your institution if you want to find out how much it will cost you per semester.
Another option for students is private halls of residence, but these are more expensive than university dorms, as they belong to private organisations. This option is either studio flats or twin rooms that students can share, with a student common room and sometimes other rooms available in the building. Most have laundry rooms included, and some have study rooms and gyms, based on the building. Costs of rent differ based on room size, building location and amenities offered along with your room.
A final option for students is a private rental. This room can be rented by the student on their own or shared between several students, with bills also shared between them. This option is a better option for students who want to have their own private space and their own kitchen and bathroom. Even if shared with several other students, you’ll still get more privacy than the previous two options. It can also give you the chance to make lifelong friends!
When studying in Europe, you’ll also need to consider other costs of living, such as health insurance which can be expensive if you aren’t an EU student. Transportation passes will cost you on average about 100 euros a month, while food will cost you from 200 to 400 euros a month, based on your lifestyle and the country you are living in. You’ll also need to look at costs of utilities like electricity, water, internet and heating systems in the country you want to study in, as costs differ greatly across European countries.
Europe has some of the highest-ranked universities in the world, so when you decide to study in Europe, you’ll be spoilt for choice. They also follow the same degree system, so no matter what country you choose to study in, it’ll be easy to understand which degree you want to pursue. Read on to learn about the different types of higher education degrees offered in Europe, as well as the best universities in Europe, so that you know exactly where to apply.
The “LMD” degree system, which stands for Licence, Master’s, and Doctorate, is used in European higher education. The LMD system, which is currently in use across the EU, allows you to transfer credits and establish degree equivalency between universities and national higher education systems. The system intends to make international student mobility easier within the EU and beyond.
University studies in Europe, particularly at public universities, are divided into three levels, corresponding to a specific amount of ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) credits.
From the University of Oxford to the Technical University in Munchen, there are many options for top European universities if you are interested in studying in the continent. Here are some of the top-ranked Universities in Europe that international students choose to study at.
Location: United Kingdom
Topping the list of the best universities in Europe is the University of Oxford. The University of Oxford was founded in the year 1096 in the English city of Oxford, making it the oldest English speaking university in the world. A highly competitive institution, it has an acceptance rate of around 17 per cent. The school is known around the world for being a top institution, with around 26,000 students attending the school. Tuition fees at the school aren’t cheap, however, ranging at an average of 10,000 Great British Pounds per year.
Second on the list of top-ranked European universities is the German university Freie Universitat Berlin. In English known as the Free University of Berlin, it is a public university in Berlin Germany. The school is a large school, with around 32,000 students enrolled. Locals typically call the university FU Berlin or FU. The university is part of the German Universities Excellence Initiative, which includes eleven excellent German research universities. The university is always ranked in the top ten schools in Germany and ranks worldwide in the subjects of Political Science and Humanities. The political science program at the university’s Otto Suhr political Institute ranked the top in Germany and number 4 in Europe for the year 2022. It also ranks high in the subjects of Law and Legal studies.
Universität Wien, or the University of Vienna, is a public university founded in Vienna, Austria in the year 1365 by Duke Rudolph IV. It is the oldest University in the German-speaking countries and is one of the biggest universities in Europe, with almost 100,000 students enrolled there. The University has a great focus on research and ranks top in subjects of humanity. 21 Nobel Prize winners also graduated from the university, as well as many other renowned scholars.
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven or the KU Leuven is a university in Leuven, Belgium. It is a Catholic research university with a whopping 60,000 students enrolled there. This makes it the largest university in Belgium and also in the Low countries. Top subjects there include computer science, engineering, natural sciences, theology, humanities, medicine, law, canon law, business, and social sciences. It has several campuses besides the main one in Leuven, with others in Kortrijk, Antwerp, Ghent, Bruges, Ostend, Geel, Diepenbeek, Aalst, Sint-Katelijne-Waver and Brussels, the Belgian capital.
The Complutense University of Madrid, abbreviated as UCM and previously known as the Central University and the University of Madrid, is considered the oldest public university in Madrid, Spain, and one of the biggest and most important ones in the Spanish speaking world. It is informally known by locals as “la Complutense” and “la Docta” and is currently the 3rd largest university in Europe for in-person teaching, with over 90,000 students enrolled. Along with the University of Barcelona, Pompeu Fabra University, UAM, and UAB, it ranks in the top Spanish universities in Europe. It has many distinguished alumni and is considered one of the international hubs of learning in Europe.
Other impressive universities to look into if you are interested to study in Europe are Moscow State University in Russia, Technische Universität München in Germany, Kungliga Tekniska högskolan in Sweden, Univerzita Karlova in the Czech Republic and Université de Paris in France. They are all great universities and may offer the perfect program for you if you are interested to study in Europe.
When deciding to study in Europe, if you are not from an EU country or from a country without a visa-free agreement with the Schengen area, you’ll need to apply for a Student Schengen Visa, to give you permission to enter Europe and study there. This visa allows students to stay for about three months, so if your program is longer than that, you’ll need to apply for a long-stay study visa at the embassy of your chosen country of study. Read on to learn about the general requirements for study visas and everything else you’ll need to know when you apply for your visa to study in Europe.
When applying for your study visa, there are several documents you’ll need to hand in to be considered for your visa. Here are some of the documents that you’ll need to present at the embassy of your chosen European country:
If you are a minor, you’ll need to hand in the following documents:
In order to apply for your study visa, you’ll need to follow some steps. First, you should check if you need a study visa. If you need one, then you should find out where to apply and fill in the application form that you need to. Next, you should gather the needed documents to be eligible for the visa and make an appointment. After being assigned an appointment, you’ll come along for your interview and pay the student visa fee. The next step is waiting patiently for a response to see if you’ve been accepted or rejected.
It’s important to note that the earliest date you can apply for your visa is three months prior to your trip, while the latest is 15 days before your trip. It’s recommended as a rule of thumb to apply about a month before your departure date so that you have plenty of time to have your visa processed and know if you’re accepted or not. The average processing time is about 15 calendar days, but you may receive a response earlier. In some special cases, it may take you from 30 to 60 days, though this isn’t the normal.
How to Apply
In order to study in a European country and apply for your study visa, you’ll first need to apply to the European university of your dreams. There are several steps to follow, though they aren’t complicated or difficult and this guide will help you know exactly what to do so your application process to study in Europe is easy and breezy! Read on to learn more about how to apply to a university in Europe so you can get going on your study abroad journey.
The first step to apply to an amazing European university is to research about the ones you are interested in at the study destination of your choice. Requirements that say if you are eligible or not to enter a program differ not only by country, but by school so your best bet is to go on to the website of your study program and see what the eligibility requirements are. Thankfully, entrance requirements for European universities tend to focus on only academic achievements, which is great if you haven’t done many extracurriculars or don’t have any non-academic passions. They also focus on whether you’re a good intellectual fit for the program or not.
In order to apply for a bachelor’s program in Europe, you must be at least 17 years old and have a high school diploma. For master’s and Phd Degrees, there is no minimum and maximum age as long as you have a bachelor’s degree and meet all the requirements. Depending on the program you have chosen, you may need to have a certain language proficiency test result. For example, if you are studying an English language program, you’ll need to present TOEFL or IELTS test scores to prove your proficiency in the language.
The process begins with filling out the application on their website with your personal details and details related to your previous academic experience. For most universities in Europe, you fill out an application on the portal of the university. Keep in mind that there are some exceptions. For example, if you are applying to a university in the UK, you will need to apply through the UCAS platform. Some other countries also have a central application platform so head to the website of the program of your choice and you’ll learn exactly how to approach the application process for your specific case.
In general, there are several documents that you’ll be required to attach to your application form. Make sure you have everything ready so you can submit your application as soon as possible.
The most common documents that are required are the following:
If you want to study in Europe but you need the financial support to do so, many programs both private and government programs offer international students financial support. There are many scholarships and grants available that you can apply to if you choose to study in Europe. These are offered by entities like the universities themselves and government entities like the European Union and the European Government States.
Here are some of the most popular scholarships you can apply to so that you can study abroad in Europe:
The first scholarship to study in Europe is the Chevening scholarship, which is offered by the UK government to international students to help them finance their studies in the United Kingdom. This scholarship is usually awarded to fund a master’s degree that lasts for one year. The scholarship covers tuition fees, a living allowance and a plane ticket to and from the UK, in addition to extra funds to cover essential costs of living if needed.
The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) offers scholarships to international students to study in Europe, and most specifically in German universities. They usually target students in developing countries in the areas of Africa, Asia, Pacific Islands, Central and South America and Central and Eastern Europe. DAAD scholarship grants have a variety of partial and full scholarship coverage, based on the study program and the scholarship offered.
The Holland Scholarship is offered to international students from outside of the European Economic Area (EEA) who want to study their undergraduate or postgraduate studies in Universities in Holland. The scholarship offers students € 5,000 to cover their studies and other expenses, which they will receive during the first year of their study period.
The Swedish Institute offers scholarships to international students who want to study at Swedish universities. They mostly focus on the master’s level and cover tuition fees, living expenses, travel and health insurance for students who are awarded the scholarships.
VLIR-UOS offers scholarships to students from developing countries located in the continents of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. This allows them to support students who want to pursue TRaining or Master’s programs related to the subject in Development at Belgian universities. Scholarships from this program cover tuition fees, accommodation, travel tickets and other costs relating to the program. They also offer a monthly allowance to students who have received the scholarship.
Finally, the Eiffel scholarship program offers students of Master’s and PhD programs financial support to study in France. Those who receive the scholarship are offered a monthly allowance, money for expenses like travel fees, health insurance and various cultural activities. However, you should keep in mind that it doesn’t cover tuition costs.